the organization of Revenue Department the apex body of administration is the
head office of Chief Commissioner of Land Administration at State Level. But the
core administration is carried out at Districts that have direct interface with
public. For administrative convenience the District is divided into Sub
Divisions, which are further divided into Mandals that have jurisdiction over a
few villages. The present set up of revenue administration consists of the
following hierarchy of Officials.
Tahsildars at Mandal Level
the Mandal level the Mandal Development Officer (MDO) takes care of the
on the abolition of the erstwhile Board of Revenue, the functional Commissioners
of Survey, Settlement & Land Records and Commissioner of Land Reforms &
Urban Land Ceiling were created. Subsequently they were replaced. In their
place, the post of Chief Commissioner of Land Administration was created in GO
MS No: 59 Revenue (DA) Dated 21.01.1999.
Chief Commissioner of Land Administration (CCLA) is the chief controlling
authority for the revenue administration consisting of Revenue, Survey,
Settlement & Land Records and Urban Land Ceiling Departments. He exercises
statutory functions and general superintendence over all his subordinates. In
the case of Survey, Settlement & Land Records and Urban Land Ceiling
Departments he has a supervisory and statutory role. The concerned Commissioner
and the Special Officer deal the routine administration respectively. He is the
link between the Government and the administration. He monitors and guides the
District Collectors and advises the Government in all the policy matters.
post of Commissioner Appeals is created to share some of the responsibilities of
Chief Commissioner of Land Administration. Further one judicial officer in the
rank of Commissioner Legal Affairs has been newly created to give his legal
advice wherever necessary.
In carrying out the different functions 3 Principal Officers in I.A.S Cadre .ie Secretary to CCLA, Joint Secretary to CCLA, AND Project Director (CMRO) Project, assist the Chief Commissioner of land Administration. In the year 2003 another Officer in the cadre of IAS, designated as Special Commissioner was appointed to assist the Chief Commissioner of Land Administration. So the subjects are divided among these 4 Officers. Further 6 Assistant Secretaries in the Cadre of Special Grade Deputy Collectors and 6 Additional Assistant Secretaries in the cadre of Deputy Collectors drawn from Commissionerate services assist them. The Assistant Secretaries are in charge of different subjects as per their work distribution. Each Assistant Secretary/ Additional Assistant Secretary looks after 3 to 5 sections. A Superintendent heads each section. 4 to 6 Assistants and a typist assist him.
Collectorates play a pivotal role in the District administration. There are 23
Collectorates in the State. A Collector in the Cadre of I.A.S heads the
District. He acts as the District Magistrate for maintaining Law and Order in
his jurisdiction. He deals mainly with planning and development, law and order,
scheduled areas/agency areas, general elections, arms licensing etc.
Joint Collector who also belongs to the I.A.S Cadre runs the Revenue
administration under various enactments in the District. He is also designated
as Additional District Magistrate. He mainly deals with civil supplies, land
matters, mines and minerals, village officers etc.
District Revenue Officer (DRO) in the Cadre of Special Grade Deputy Collectors
assists the Collector and Joint Collector in discharging their duties. The
District Revenue Officer looks after all the branches of the Collectorate. He
deals mainly with general administration and is vested with supervision of
day-to-day functions of the Collectorate.
administrative Officer in the rank of a Tahsildar is the general assistant to
the Collector. He directly supervises all the sections in the Collectorate and
most of the files are routed through him.
Collectorate is divided into 8 sections as per the administrative reforms taken
up by the Government of Andhra Pradesh. An alphabet letter is given to each
section for easy reference.
A: Deals with Establishment and Office Procedures.
B: Deals with Accounts and audit.
C: Deals with Magisterial (Court/Legal) matters.
D: Deals with Land Revenue and relief.
E: Deals with Land Administration.
F: Deals with Land Reforms.
G: Deals with Land Acquisition.
H: Deals with Protocol, Elections and Residuary work.
SUB DIVISIONAL OFFICES
District is divided into Sub divisions for administrative convenience. A Sub
division is headed by a Revenue Divisional Officer in the rank of a Deputy
Collector or a Sub – Collector in Cadre of IAS. He is the Sub Divisional
Magistrate having jurisdiction over his division. An administrative Officer in
the Cadre of a Tahsildar assists in administration. The Sub divisional Offices
are a replica of Collectorate in the matter of number of sections and they act
as intermediary in the administrative setup. There are 81
divisions in Andhra
Pradesh. Each division consists of a few Mandals whose performance is constantly
monitored by the concerned Divisional Office.
are 1128 Mandals in the state, each Mandal having population ranging from 35,000
to 50,000 people. The Mandals have been formed in Andhra Pradesh to bring
administration to the doorsteps of Citizens and make all the public services
easily available to them. Earlier the Taluks had huge jurisdiction and were
divided into Firkas. This 5 tier district administrative system was unviable for
delivering speedy Citizen Services. So against 305 Taluks and 1084 Firkas, 1106
Mandals were formed in 1985.
Subsequently 20 more Mandals were added at different intervals of time. So at
present we have a 4 tier district administrative set up with the Mandal playing
an important role in administration at the grass root level. At present there
Mandals in Andhra Pradesh.
gazetted Mandal Revenue Officer (Tahsildar) heads the Mandals. The Tahsildar is
vested with the same powers and functions of Tahsildars of erstwhile Taluks
including magisterial powers. Mandal Revenue Officer heads the Mandal Revenue
Office. TAHSILDAR provides the interface between the government and public
within his jurisdiction. He initiates welfare measures within his jurisdiction.
The TAHSILDAR assists the higher authorities in collecting information and
conducting inquiries. He provides feedback to the district administration that
helps in decision-making at higher levels of administration.
Deputy Tahsildar/ Superintendent, Mandal Revenue Inspector, Superintendent,
Mandal Surveyor, Assistant Statistical Officer and Other Ministerial Staff.
Deputy Tahsildar/ Superintendent supervises the day today functions of
TAHSILDAR’s office and deals mainly with general administration. Most of the
files are routed through him. He monitors all the sections in the TAHSILDAR’s
(Mandal Revenue Inspector) MRI assists the TAHSILDAR in conducting inquiries and
inspections. He supervises the Village Secretaries. He inspects crop fields (Azmoish),
writes Sharas (field inspection details) in Pahani, collects land revenue,
non-agricultural land assessment and other dues and keeps close watch on the
villages within his jurisdiction to maintain law and order,
Assistant Statistical Officer (ASO), who is under the overall control of Chief
Planning Officer at the District and Directorate of Economics and Statistics at
the State Level, maintains data related to rainfall, crops and population. He
conducts crop estimate tests. He inspects crops to submit crop condition
details. He prepares periodical reports on births and deaths and assists the
TAHSILDAR in conduct of livestock census, population census and other surveys
taken up by the government from time to time. TAHSILDAR sends reports on above
items to the District collector. Later these are sent to the department of
economics and statistics and planning department at government level.
Mandal Surveyor, who belongs to the Survey Settlement and Land Records
Department, assists the TAHSILDAR in survey operations. Chain Man assists Mandal
Surveyor in his duties.
per the administrative reforms the various sections in the TAHSILDAR Office are:
Section A: Office procedure and financial activities,
Section B: Land Related activities,
Section C: Civil Supplies, Pension Schemes etc.
Section D: Establishment, Natural Calamities,
Section E: Issue of Caste, income, nativity etc; certificates.
Earlier Patwaries/ Karnams ran the Village Level administration up to 1981 and later Village administrative Officers who was a part time functionary looked after revenue functions. He was responsible to revenue hierarchy. But in 2001 as a part of strengthening Local bodies Panchayat Secretaries were created combining the revenue and Panchayat functions. There are 21943 Panchayats in Andhra Pradesh. They are under the administrative control of Gram Panchayats but are also responsible to Revenue Department for revenue functions. Kamadars or Village Servants assists the Village Panchayat Secretaries. The number of Village servants varies depending upon the area, population and irrigation sources of the village. The entire village is divided among the Village Servants for convenient administration. Village Servants provide complete information about their areas in all aspects.